Artificial Intelligence Systems (AIS)
Related Standards

IEEE portfolio of AIS technology and impact standards and standards projects

View the IEEE 7000™ Standards & Projects

View the IEEE P2247™ Projects

 

IEEE P1872.2™ - Standard for Autonomous Robotics (AuR) Ontology
This standard is a logical extension to IEEE 1872-2015™ Standard for Ontologies for Robotics and Automation. The standard extends the CORA ontology by defining additional ontologies appropriate for Autonomous Robotics (AuR) relating to:

  1. The core design patterns specific to AuR in common R&A sub-domains;
  2. General ontological concepts and domain-specific axioms for AuR; and
  3. General use cases and/or case studies for AuR.
IEEE P2089™ - Standard for Age Appropriate Digital Services Framework - Based on the 5Rights Principles for Children

This standard provides a methodology to establish a framework for digital services when end users are children, and by doing so, tailors the services that are provided so that they are age appropriate. This is essential to creating a digital environment that offers children safety by design and delivery, privacy by design, autonomy by design, health by design, specifically providing a set of guidelines and best practices and thereby offer a level of validation for service design decisions.
IEEE P2247.1™ - Standard for the Classification of Adaptive Instructional Systems
This standard defines and classifies the components and functionality of adaptive instructional systems (AIS). It defines parameters used to describe AIS and establishes requirements and guidance for the use and measurement of these parameters.
IEEE P2247.2™ - Interoperability Standards for Adaptive Instructional Systems (AISs)
This standard defines interactions and exchanges among the components of adaptive instructional systems (AISs). It defines the data and data structures used in these interactions and exchanges and parameters used to describe and measure them and establishes requirements and guidance for the use and measurement of the data, data structures, and parameters.
IEEE P2247.3™ - Recommended Practices for Evaluation of Adaptive Instructional Systems
This recommended practice defines and classifies methods of evaluating adaptive instructional systems (AIS) and establishes guidance for the use of these methods. This best practice incorporates and promotes the principles of ethically aligned design for the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in AIS.

IEEE P2660.1™ - Recommended Practices on Industrial Agents: Integration of Software Agents and Low Level Automation Functions
This recommended practice describes integrating and deploying the Multi-agent Systems (MAS) technology in industrial environments for use in building the intelligent decision-making layer on top of legacy industrial control platforms. The integration of software agents with the low-level real-time control systems, mainly based on the Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs) running the IEC 61131-3™ control programs (forming in this manner a new component known as industrial agents) are also identified. In addition, the integration of software agents with the control applications based on IEC 61499™ standard or executed on embedded controllers is described.

This recommended practice supports and helps the engineers leverage the best practices of developing industrial agents for specific automation control problems and given application fields. Therefore, corresponding rules, guidelines and design patterns are provided.

IEEE P2672™ - Guide for General Requirements of Mass Customization
This guide provides the definitions, terminologies, operation procedures, system architectures, key technological requirements, data requirements and applications of and related to user-oriented mass customization. This guide provides reference information to be used by manufacturing enterprises for designing and implementing business models of mass customization.
IEEE P2751™ - 3D Map Data Representation for Robotics and Automation
This standard extends the IEEE 1873-2015™ Standard for Robot Map Data Representation from two-dimensional (2D) maps to three-dimensional (3D) maps. The standard develops a common representation and encoding for 3D map data, to be used in applications requiring robot operation, like navigation and manipulation, in all domains (space, air, ground/surface, underwater, and underground). The standard encoding is devoted to exchange map data between robot systems, while allowing robot systems to use their private internal representations for efficient map data processing. The standard places no constraints on where map data comes from nor on how maps are constructed.

IEEE P2801™ - Recommended Practice for the Quality Management of Datasets for Medical Artificial Intelligence
This recommended practice identifies best practices for establishing a quality management system for datasets used for artificial intelligence medical devices. It covers a full cycle of dataset management, including items such as but not limited to data collection, transfer, utilization, storage, maintenance and update.

This recommended practice recommends a list of critical factors that impact the quality of datasets, such as but not limited to data sources, data quality, annotation, privacy protection, personnel qualification/training/evaluation, tools, equipment, environment, process control and documentation.

IEEE P2802™ - Standard for the Performance and Safety Evaluation of Artificial Intelligence Based Medical Device: Terminology
This standard establishes terminology used in artificial intelligence medical devices, including definitions of fundamental concepts and methodology that describe the safety, effectiveness, risks and quality management of artificial intelligence medical devices.

It provides definitions using the following forms, such as but not limited to literal description, equations, tables, figures and legends.

The standard also establishes a vocabulary for the development of future standards for artificial intelligence medical devices.

IEEE P2807™ - Framework of Knowledge Graphs
This standard defines the framework of knowledge graphs (KGs). The framework describes the input requirement of KG, construction process of KG, i.e., extraction, storage, fusion and understanding, performance metrics, applications of KG, verticals, KG related artificial intelligence (AI) technologies and other required digital infrastructure.
IEEE P2807.1™ - Standard for Technical Requirements and Evaluation of Knowledge Graphs
This standard defines technical requirements, performance metrics, evaluation criteria and test cases for knowledge graphs. The mandatory test cases include data input, metadata, data extraction, data fusion, data storage and retrieval, inference and analysis, and knowledge graph display.
IEEE P2817™ - Guide for Verification of Autonomous Systems
The purpose of this Guide is to identify existing best practices and provide instruction sets that define valid verification processes for a range of autonomous system configurations. These best practices apply from the lowest level components and software to the highest level learning or decision making elements (specifically including verification of the inputs to any learning algorithms, such as training data). The guidelines are intended to include both robots and immobots, singly and in groups, focusing primarily on systems that can operate autonomously rather than on automated or supervised robots. They may also be applicable to systems that do not directly interact with the external world (e.g. intelligence networks).
IEEE P2830™ - Standard for Technical Framework and Requirements of Shared Machine Learning
This standard defines a framework and architectures for machine learning in which a model is trained using encrypted data that has been aggregated from multiple sources and is processed by a trusted third party. It specifies functional components, workflows, security requirements, technical requirements, and protocols.
IEEE P2863™ - Recommended Practice for Organizational Governance of Artificial Intelligence
This recommended practice specifies governance criteria such as safety, transparency, accountability, responsibility and minimizing bias, and process steps for effective implementation, performance auditing, training and compliance in the development or use of artificial intelligence within organizations.

IEEE P3333.1.3™ - Standard for the Deep Learning Based Assessment of Visual Experience Based on Human Factors
This standard defines deep learning-based metrics of content analysis and quality of experience (QoE) assessment for visual contents, which is an extension of Standard for the Quality of Experience (QoE) and Visual-Comfort Assessments of Three-Dimensional (3D) Contents Based on Psychophysical Studies (IEEE 3333.1.1™) and Standard for the Perceptual Quality Assessment of Three Dimensional (3D) and Ultra High Definition (UHD) Contents (IEEE 3333.1.2™).

The scope covers the following:

  • Deep learning models for QoE assessment (multilayer perceptrons, convolutional neural networks, deep generative models)
  • Deep metrics of visual experience from High Definition (HD), UHD, 3D, High Dynamic Range (HDR), Virtual Reality (VR) and Mixed Reality (MR) contents * Deep analysis of clinical (electroencephalogram (EEG), electrocardiogram (ECG), electrooculography (EOG), and so on) and psychophysical (subjective test and simulator sickness questionnaire (SSQ)) data for QoE assessment
  • Deep personalized preference assessment of visual contents
  • Building image and video databases for performance benchmarking purpose if necessary

IEEE P3652.1™ - Guide for Architectural Framework and Application of Federated Machine Learning
Federated learning defines a machine learning framework that allows a collective model to be constructed from data that is distributed across data owners.

This guide provides a blueprint for data usage and model building across organizations while meeting applicable privacy, security and regulatory requirements. It defines the architectural framework and application guidelines for federated machine learning, including: 1) description and definition of federated learning, 2) the types of federated learning and the application scenarios to which each type applies, 3) performance evaluation of federated learning, and 4) associated regulatory requirements.

IEEE P7000™ - Standard for Model Process for Addressing Ethical Concerns During System Design
This standard outlines an approach for identifying and analyzing potential ethical issues in a system or software program from the onset of the effort. The values-based system design methods address ethical considerations at each stage of development to help avoid negative unintended consequences while increasing innovation.

IEEE P7001™ - Standards for Transparency of Autonomous Systems
This standard describes measurable, testable levels of transparency, so that autonomous systems can be objectively assessed and levels of compliance determined.

A key concern over autonomous systems (AS) is that their operation must be transparent to a wide range of stakeholders, for different reasons.

For designers, the standard will provide a guide for self-assessing transparency during development and suggest mechanisms for improving transparency (for instance the need for secure storage of sensor and internal state data, comparable to a flight data recorder or black box).

IEEE P7002™ - Standard for Data Privacy Process
This standard specifies how to manage privacy issues for systems or software that collect personal data. It will do so by defining requirements that cover corporate data collection policies and quality assurance. It also includes a use case and data model for organizations developing applications involving personal information. The standard will help designers by providing ways to identify and measure privacy controls in their systems utilizing privacy impact assessments.
IEEE P7003™ - Standard for Algorithmic Bias Considerations
This standard describes specific methodologies to help users certify how they worked to address and eliminate issues of negative bias in the creation of their algorithms, where "negative bias" infers the usage of overly subjective or uniformed data sets or information known to be inconsistent with legislation concerning certain protected characteristics; or with instances of bias against groups not necessarily protected explicitly by legislation, but otherwise diminishing stakeholder or user well being and for which there are good reasons to be considered inappropriate.
IEEE P7004™ - Standard for Child and Student Data Governance
The standard defines specific methodologies to help users certify how they approach accessing, collecting, storing, utilizing, sharing, and destroying child and student data. The standard provides specific metrics and conformance criteria regarding these types of uses from trusted global partners and how vendors and educational institutions can meet them.
IEEE P7005™ - Standard for Transparent Employer Data Governance
The standard defines specific methodologies to help employers to certify how they approach accessing, collecting, storing, utilizing, sharing, and destroying employee data. The standard provides specific metrics and conformance criteria regarding these types of uses from trusted global partners and how vendors and employers can meet them.
IEEE P7006™ - Standard for Personal Data Artificial Intelligence (AI) Agent
This standard describes the technical elements required to create and grant access to a personalized Artificial Intelligence (AI) that will comprise inputs, learning, ethics, rules and values controlled by individuals.
IEEE P7007™ - Ontological Standard for Ethically Driven Robotics and Automation Systems
The standard establishes a set of ontologies with different abstraction levels that contain concepts, definitions and axioms which are necessary to establish ethically driven methodologies for the design of Robots and Automation Systems.

IEEE P7008™ - Standard for Ethically Driven Nudging for Robotic, Intelligent and Autonomous Systems
"Nudges" as exhibited by robotic, intelligent or autonomous systems are defined as overt or hidden suggestions or manipulations designed to influence the behavior or emotions of a user.

This standard establishes a delineation of typical nudges (currently in use or that could be created). It contains concepts, functions and benefits necessary to establish and ensure ethically driven methodologies for the design of the robotic, intelligent and autonomous systems that incorporate them.

IEEE P7009™ - Standard for Fail-Safe Design of Autonomous and Semi-Autonomous Systems
This standard establishes a practical, technical baseline of specific methodologies and tools for the development, implementation, and use of effective fail-safe mechanisms in autonomous and semi-autonomous systems.

The standard includes (but is not limited to): clear procedures for measuring, testing, and certifying a system's ability to fail safely on a scale from weak to strong, and instructions for improvement in the case of unsatisfactory performance.

IEEE 7010-2020™ (Standard Now Available) - IEEE Approved Draft Recommended Practice for Assessing the Impact of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems on Human Well-being

Recommended Practice for Assessing the Impact of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems (A/IS) on Human Well-being is a recommended practice for measuring the impact of A/IS on humans. The overall intent of IEEE P7010™ is to support the outcome of A/IS having positive impacts on human well-being.

The recommended practice is grounded in scientifically valid well-being indices currently in use and based on a stakeholder engagement process. The intent of the recommended practice is to guide product development, identify areas for improvement, manage risks, assess performance and identify intended and unintended users, uses and impacts on human well-being of A/IS.

IEEE P7011™ - Standard for the Process of Identifying and Rating the Trustworthiness of News Sources
This standard provides semi-autonomous processes using standards to create and maintain news purveyor ratings for purposes of public awareness. It standardizes processes to identify and rate the factual accuracy of news stories in order to produce a rating of online news purveyors and the online portion of multimedia news purveyors. This process will be used to produce truthfulness scorecards through multi-faceted and multi-sourced approaches.

The standard defines an algorithm using open source software and a scorecard rating system as methodology for rating trustworthiness as a core tenant in an effort to establish trust and acceptance.

IEEE P7012™ - Standard for Machine Readable Personal Privacy Terms
The standard identifies/addresses the manner in which personal privacy terms are proffered and how they can be read and agreed to by machines.
IEEE P7014™ - Standard for Ethical considerations in Emulated Empathy in Autonomous and Intelligent Systems
This standard defines a model for ethical considerations and practices in the design, creation and use of empathic technology, incorporating systems that have the capacity to identify, quantify, respond to, or simulate affective states, such as emotions and cognitive states. This includes coverage of 'affective computing', 'emotion Artificial Intelligence' and related fields.