IEEE SMART GRID RESEARCH
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IEEE Grid Vision 2050
This document describes the IEEE PESs vision of the power system infrastructure into the year 2050. This document sets the stage and includes future scenarios, electricity generation (Make), electricity transmission and distribution (Move), and electricity usage (Use). It also covers the related Operations and Control issues. The document uses scenarios from the International Energy Agency (IEA), which defines future energy availability, production and usage into the year 2050.
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IEEE Grid Vision 2050 Reference Model
The IEEE Grid Vision 2050 Reference Model summarizes the main concepts defined in the IEEE Grid Vision 2050; such as, reference models for energy usage, energy delivery, and energy operations and control.
IEEE Grid Vision 2050 Roadmap
The goal of this roadmap is to stimulate discussion and challenge ideas around the deployment of power and energy technologies. The IEEE PES (Power & Energy Society) Horizon 2050 team gives a general indication of when technologies could be expected for deployment, and the team takes a step forward and tries to group research and standard development needs for the required power and energy technologies in the future.
IEEE Grid Vision 2050: Vision, Reference Model and Roadmap Bundle
This bundle contains three documents: IEEE Grid Vision 2050, IEEE Grid Vision 2050 Roadmap, and IEEE Grid Vision 2050 Reference Model. The IEEE Grid Vision 2050 describes the IEEE Power & Energy Societys (PES) vision of the power system infrastructure into the year 2050.
IEEE Smart Grid Vision for Computing: 2030 and Beyond
This document is focused on computing technologies and the role they will play in the future electric grid. The computing technologies identified by the Computer Society Smart Grid Vision Project (CS-SGVP) team span many computing disciplines and do not necessarily represent all technologies that will shape the Smart Grid. Various projections of how Smart Grid concepts will influence power systems were considered. These projections span bulk transmission systems to isolated islands of local generation, as well as different demand side participation concepts.
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IEEE Vision for Smart Grid Communications: 2030 and Beyond
This document provides a vision of the communications-related aspects of the Smart Grid in the year 2030, and lays out the technology roadmap that will lead us to the vision. This document starts with some basic knowledge of the power grid and follows up with fundamental building blocks for the communication infrastructure that will accompany the Smart Grid. Subsequently, network architectures, including overlays, are discussed at length. Also discussed, are important issues such as standards, regulations, security, and disruptive technologies. The last part of this document discusses emerging technologies such as the solid state transformer, wireless beamed power, and quantum key distribution. Throughout the document, a careful distinction is made between communications capabilities and the specific technologies that are required to support those capabilities.
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IEEE Vision for Smart Grid Communications: 2030 and Beyond Roadmap
This roadmap is a high-level supplement of the full vision document IEEE Vision for Smart Grid Communications: 2030 and Beyond. Communication is a major enabling technology for the Smart Grid. We believe that the power grid will tend to utilize advances in communications since the data exchange requirements will scale up for the Smart Grid. Smart Grid communication will help to improve demand forecasting, enable self-healing from power disturbance events, facilitate active participation by consumers in demand-response mechanisms, and provide resilience against physical and cyber attacks. Smart Grid communication will also help to improve quality of power, allow easy integration of renewable energy sources into the grid, foster innovation to enable new products, services, and markets, assist in optimization of assets, and improve operating efficiency.
IEEE Vision for Smart Grid Controls: 2030 and Beyond
This document highlights the role of control systems in the evolution of the Smart Grid. It includes an overview of research investigations that are needed for renewable integration, reliability, self-healing, energy efficiency, and resilience to physical and cyber attacks. These investigations are encapsulated in several loci of control including: new methodologies for transmission, distribution, and renewable energy, and storage; new roles in emerging topics such as electricity markets, demand-response, microgrids, and virtual power plants; and new solutions for efficiency, heating and cooling, and security.
IEEE Vision for Smart Grid Controls: 2030 and Beyond Reference Model
The Smart Grid is a system of distributed systems whose domains span the more traditional domains of bulk generation, transmission, distribution, consumers, markets, and power electronics, with the growing penetration of relatively newer domains such as renewables, electric vehicles, and demand-response-compatible loads. Smart Grid control enables prescriptions for interconnections and interactions among these traditional and emerging domains at the right instants, at the right locations, and in the right manner (Figure 1). The combined expertise of control engineers and scientists will ensure that appropriate loops are closed, optimal set points and supervisory commands are generated, and desired goals of resiliency, renewables integration, reliability, security, and empowerment of consumers are met [i.e., to realize a Smart Grid vision (Figure 2)]. Starting with the planning stages of markets, and following the path of the electron all the way from generation to the end userand increasingly in reverse as wellseveral problems with achieving the desired set criteria and objectives have to be solved in an automated and optimized manner. The Smart Grid will be a holistically and pervasively closed-loop system; control will be central in the grid landscape (Figure 3). The underlying physics, the interconnection topologies, and the dynamic interactions among various domains will inform control algorithms and architectures (Figure 4). The challenge is to identify the most dominant features of these physics, interconnections, and interactions (e.g., control-oriented models), as well as to determine the most efficient, effective, and resilient control solutions.
IEEE Vision for Smart Grid Control: 2030 and Beyond Roadmap
This roadmaps parent document, IEEE Vision for Smart Grid Controls: 2030 and Beyond, discusses many topics that outline the evolution of the Smart Grid and the opportunities and challenges that it presents for control, ranging from generators to consumers, from planning to real-time operation, from current practice to scenarios in 2050 in the grid and all of its subsystems. Chapter 5 of the parent document focuses on major research challenges across the entire grid and the emerging control themes. As pointed out in the reference model for the vision, IEEE Vision for Smart Grid Controls: 2030 and Beyond Reference Model, in order to realize this vision, research needs to be carried out to address all of these challenges. In this document, we provide a roadmap together with time markers for each of these challenges.
Short Term Vision Papers
IEEE Cyber Security for the Smart Grid
Countries across the globe are implementing smart grids in order to achieve reductions in emissions, increased grid efficiency, increased usage of renewable energy sources, increased consumer control over their energy consumption, and other economic benefits. Despite the promised benefits of the Smart Grid, there are various concerns that need to be addressed such as security threats, privacy concerns, high infrastructure costs, and increased tariffs for effective implementation. A large number of possible threat scenarios and threat agents make it imperative for Smart Grid cyber security to be adequately addressed. This report details the cyber security vulnerabilities that exist in the Smart Grid value chain, the efforts undertaken by certain countries to mitigate these vulnerabilities, and the measures that need to be implemented going forward. Four such instances of cyber security breaches are highlighted in this report.
IEEE Global Consumer Socialization of Smart Grid
One of the primary goals of smart grid is to provide its consumers control over their energy consumption, with the help of real-time information, which in turn benefits both consumers and utilities in managing electricity. This report details the challenges faced by utilities, government bodies and industry bodies in understanding the consumer behavior and educating them on smart grid. It also suggests action items that can be undertaken in order to create large-scale awareness and understanding among consumers. The report highlights the role of a consumer in successful smart grid deployment. It segregates consumers into various strata on the basis of attributes such as their requirements and priorities, smart grid technologies and services from which they will benefit most, and the methods of engaging with them. It also details out the key challenges faced by consumers in adopting smart grid services. These challenges have become a formidable roadblock in the smooth implementation of smart grids. The report also throws light on various expectations that consumers have from smart grids and suggests key socialization channels for mitigating concerns and delivering value to consumers.