The scope of this standard is the testing of software-intensive systems. Software is present in many of the products we use today and these products are getting more and more complex; for example a calendar on your PC, an electronic game, a mobile telephone, a car, or an aircraft. Software-intensive systems may describe a pure software system or may consist of a number of subsystems, such as hardware, network, documentation, data, data repository systems, license agreements, descriptions of manual processes, and of course, software. This standard supports testing across the entire software development lifecycle, from static testing of requirements, specifications and other documentation, unit or component testing that is typically carried out by developers, integration testing of program modules, system testing of integrated systems, and user acceptance testing that is usually carried out by end-users. It also supports testing during maintenance cycles that typically occur after release. When the product or system to be developed and tested comprises a number of different subsystems, there may be multiple levels of system definitions (e.g. requirements documents at different system levels), implementations and testing done over time and by different organizations, which testing must address. The development of each of the different subsystems may be done following their individual development and test plans. When the subsystems are built and tested to an acceptable level, they can be integrated to form a complete system. When the system being tested is part of a larger system, e.g. a system of systems, it will have to be integrated with the other systems to form the complete product. Testing of the complete product is out of scope of this standard, though the principles may be identical to those presented in this standard.
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