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P1189 - Guide for Selection of Batteries for Stationary Applications

No single battery technology is ideal for every stationary application. The purpose of this document is to allow the user to assess the suitability of various battery technologies to meet the specific demands of an application, so that an informed selection decision can be made.This guide discusses various battery systems so that the user can make informed decisions on selection of batteries used in stationary applications. For each category, the technology and the design of the battery are described in order to facilitate user selection. The specific advantages for particular applications are also listed. The most common battery technologies used in stationary applications are divided into the following main categories: Vented lead-acid (VLA) Valve-regulated lead acid (VRLA) Nickel-cadmium (Ni-Cd) Limited information on other battery technologies is provided. These technologies include, but are not limited to, the following: Lithium-based Sodium-based Flow The following subjects are beyond the scope of this guide: Non-battery devices such as fuel cells, electric double-layer capacitors, flywheels, etc. Installation methods Maintenance practices Hazard mitigation practices Battery sizing Design and protection of the dc system Battery charger sizing
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