P2686 - Recommended Practice for Battery Management Systems in Energy Storage Applications
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This recommended practice includes information on the design, installation, and configuration of battery management systems in stationary applications, including both grid-interactive, standalone cycling and standby modes. This document covers battery management hardware, software, and configuration. Hardware capabilities in large systems include: grounding and isolation; passive and active balancing; and wired or wireless sensors. Software capabilities include: algorithms for optimal operation with reduced risk; best practices for verification and validation; alarms; and communication with external systems. Common settings are discussed along with setting selection methods. Battery types that this document covers include lithium-ion, sodium-beta, advanced lead-acid, and flow batteries. General factors for other types are provided. This document does not cover battery management systems for mobile applications such as electric vehicles; nor does it include operation in vehicle-to-grid applications. Energy management systems, which control the dispatch of power and energy to and from the grid, are not covered.
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