This document defines guidance for an objective evaluation of alkaline energy storage technologies by a potential user for a stationary application. Tutorial information including technology descriptions, operating parameters, failure modes, safety information, battery architecture, and qualification and application considerations are described. This guide is to be used in conjunction with IEEE Std 1679, IEEE Recommended Practice for the Characterization and Evaluation of Energy Storage Technologies in Stationary Applications.
For the purposes of this document, alkaline batteries include those secondary (rechargeable) electrochemistries with aqueous alkaline electrolyte. Examples of secondary alkaline chemistries are zinc-air, nickel-zinc, nickel-metal hydride, nickel-iron, and zinc-manganese dioxide. Primary (non-rechargeable) alkaline batteries are beyond the scope of this document. Secondary nickel-cadmium batteries are also beyond the scope of this document as they are already well-known, frequently deployed, and covered in other IEEE standards.
This document does not cover sizing, installation, maintenance and testing techniques, except insofar as they may influence the evaluation of an alkaline battery for its intended application.