The green transformation of transportation calls for de-carbonization of the mobility sector. Future cars will have electric and other powertrains. New infrastructures have to be developed and widely deployed, e.g., charging networks and hydrogen distribution networks with filling stations. With new infrastructures, new stakeholders and actors emerge, e.g., charging/fueling infrastructure providers. The ultimate goal is to end up with climate neutral transportation and closed loop material flows.
- Future cars will have electric and other powertrains. Battery electric vehicles (BEV) will coexist with hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and fuel cell vehicles (FCV). HEVs combine a conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) with an electric propulsion system. Also, synthetic fuels, so called e-fuels, are considered as alternatives to traditional carbon-based fuels.
Evolving Battery Solutions
- State-of-the-art automotive batteries package and connect off-the-shelf battery cells, typically lithium ion cells. Different approaches exist to cool the battery packages for automotive use. There is research to develop solid-state alternative solutions with high energy density.
- Battery management systems are crucial to control the charging process in order to minimize battery degradation over time and ensure acceptable battery life.
- The entire battery lifecycle needs to be managed, including repair or substitution of damaged batteries. At the end of life, batteries should be recycled as much as possible or be further used as stationary energy storage, e.g., in buildings (second life).
Cross-Border Interoperable Fueling/Charging Infrastructure
- Electric charging stations ideally are connected to the Smart Grid so that BEVs are charged with renewable electric energy from wind turbines or solar panels. Vehicle2Grid solutions allow a two-way flow of electric energy. Many BEVs collectively may be used as a source of electric power depending on overall demand for electric energy in the Smart Grid.
- Charging an electric vehicle with limited reach is inconvenient. Enabling interoperable, trusted, secured, and widely deployed xEV charging networks will allow subscribers to roam between providers and across borders with one subscription.
The Fuel Cell Mobility Solution
- The fuel cell-electric drive system is an economical and attractive technology for mobility with zero local emissions. It enables longer distance driving (in comparison with battery-only vehicles) and short refilling times and is therefore primarily planned for truck usage.
- Fuel cell systems are characterized by relatively low materials cost but high manufacturing costs due to high technological requirements.
IEEE SA - Power Line Communication (PLC) in India
This IC program will engage with various stakeholders such as industry, academia, and utility companies, to establish a series of test beds for PLC. The test beds will provide an ecosystem for various stakeholders, ranging from established industries to enterprising startups, to develop and test their solutions that have PLC as the core technology.
Implementation Roadmap for Systemic EV Adoption in India and Asia
IEEE Transportation Electrification
IEEE TEC – Transportation Electrification Community coordinates broad and deep activities throughout IEEE in the growing electrification revolution across transportation domains, including advances in electric and hybrid cars, more-electric ships and aircraft, rail systems, personal transport, and the motive, storage, power grid, electronic intelligence, and control technologies that make them possible.