IEEE SA - Corporate Standards Focus - Summer 2018

Recently Approved PARs


  • IEEE P2413.1™, Standard for a Reference Architecture for Smart City (RASC)
  • IEEE P2790™, Standard for Biometric Liveness Detection
  • IEEE P2247.1™, Standard for the Classification of Adaptive Instructional Systems
  • IEEE P2785™, Standard for Architectural Framework and General Requirements for Smart Home Systems
  • IEEE P2786™, Standard for General Requirements and Interoperability for Internet of Clothing
  • IEEE P1708a™, Standard for Wearable Cuffless Blood Pressure Measuring Devices
  • IEEE P2791™, Standard for Bioinformatics Computations and Analyses Generated by High-Throughput Sequencing (HTS) to Facilitate Communication


  • IEEE P2792™, Therapeutic Electrical Stimulation Waveforms
  • IEEE P2793™, Standard Terms and Definitions for Turbine Governing Systems
  • IEEE P2681™, Guide for Testing Medium Voltage Smart Grid Sensor and Intelligent Electronic Device Systems
  • IEEE PC37.122.8™, Guide for the Application of Mobile Gas-Insulated Substations Rated Above 52kV
  • IEEE PC57.167™, Guide for Monitoring Distribution Transformers
  • IEEE PC57.168™, Guide for Low Frequency Dielectric Testing for Distribution, Power and Regulating Transformers
  • IEEE P2065™, Parameter Requirements and Test Method for Industrial Fiber Laser


Harmonization of Sensor System Performance a Key to the Digital Future

The immersive digital city will enable us all to augment our environment with information and experiences tailored to our unique needs—whether that means offering us the best path in busy traffic, or recognizing a medical emergency in progress. Meanwhile, industry increasingly uses automated IoT systems that can monitor and communicate between themselves, reacting to emergencies and optimizing performance in real time.

What both of these futures depend on, however, is the quality of the data gathered and how it’s put to use. Which is a function of sensors, from biometric sensors to industrial sensors to civil sensors tracking the use and stress of civic infrastructures. “Data gets collected on the edge,” says Gerard Hayes, president of the Wireless Research Center of North Carolina and chair of the IEEE Sensors Council/Standards Committee. “But sensors are not harmonized in terms with respect to connectivity, to performance and to data.” Data doesn’t get shared, it doesn’t get collected in a way that makes it comparable and useful, and industries get locked in to vendors—all of these are factors holding the digital city back.

Individual industry groups have looked at some of these questions, but IEEE P2510TM, Standard for Establishing Quality of Data Sensor Parameters in the Internet of Things Environment, is the first overarching project aiming to harmonize sensors across more than 25 different verticals, says Hayes. “IEEE is creating the opportunity for this field to come together, through a registry of what sensors are available, and a certification program that will promote greater accuracy and greater predictability. So you’re harmonizing and quantifying the quality of the data, the uncertainty of the data, and the portability and accessibility of the data. The result will be savings on ROI for large industry, and operational efficiencies for big cities.”

Hayes offers a real world scenario. “Picture a large industrial application, where they have hundreds of sensors being applied in a process, like an oil refinery. Some are in critical operations, others in a less critical, monitoring environment. You would have designed your process around a particular company’s sensors, but now it’s time to change those sensors. If your original sensors are obsoleted, how do you know what to switch to? The registry gives you compatible suppliers and models for comparison, which you don’t have right now.”

In the realm of smart cities, Hayes says harmonization of sensors will allow “cities to find more cost-effective implementation of sensor networks and sensor systems”—faster and cheaper, from the taxpayers’ point of view. But really, harmonization of sensors will benefit a data-driven world in more ways than anyone can anticipate. “Sensors are integral to IoT, 5G, and smart cities, so that’s this really big overlap that’s coming,” says Hayes. “The whole future city, immersive city, connected city—it all relies on sensors. It’s an exciting time, and we’re at the forefront of it.”

Learn more about related Industry Connections Program:
Connectivity Harmonization of the Digital Citizen

Learn how to join the IEEE Sensors Certification Committee

Articles of Interest

Meet CAG Member: Venkat Sarma, Larsen & Toubro Infotech Ltd. (LTI)

Larsen & Toubro Infotech Limited (LTI) a global technology consulting and digital solutions company, a diversified arm of Larsen & Toubro, an Indian multinational engaged in technology, engineering, construction, manufacturing & financial services with over USD 17 billion in revenue. Venkat has been a member of the Corporate Advisory Group (CAG) for the past two years.          

We spoke with Venkat Sarma, Head of IoT & MES practice, LTI, about the value he sees in participating in IEEE and as a member of the Corporate Advisory Group for his company, LTI, which is growing on a global scale.

Please tell us more about LTI and your role there.

LTI is a USD 1.2 billion global technology consulting & digital solutions company, headquartered in Mumbai, India. LTI is helping more than 300 companies succeed in a converging world, with operations in 27 countries and 25,000+ employees across the globe.

I lead the global delivery team for IoT (Internet of Things) and the MES (Manufacturing Execution Systems) practices. We have been involved with IEEE for the last couple of years and became one of the Indian companies involved with its Corporate Advisory Group.

How did IEEE attract you as an organization to be involved with?

IEEE has been in the forefront of engineering standards and publications. It’s primarily known for its work and research in the electrical communication and electronics area, with a very good set of professionals working in this area. There is also a Computer Society, but because of the changing technology, IT companies have been a bit slow to make that journey even as individuals were part of IEEE.

Two and a half years ago, we were just starting to amalgamate different groups within our company into IoT and MES practices. Industrial IoT is experiencing a lot of growth right now in terms of smart cities, smart utilities, smart water management, and smart manufacturing.

When we started the journey with IEEE, we realized that IEEE was doing a good amount of work in the IoT area—there’s IEEE standards IEEE P2413 and IEEE P2418, and other work in Big Data, Digital, and Smart Cities which resonated with our focus segments.  We are now associated with both IoT plus Blockchain and Smart Manufacturing. We felt that the concept of operations for industry—which is the physics-based model, the equipment, and the shop floor elements married with the technology part of IT—will become a very important perspective.

Everybody was getting into the convergence of the physical and the digital world. That’s why we felt that we should work with IEEE SA, to understand what companies are doing globally. IEEE SA has become a very easy way to understand what industry is thinking—because it’s not about technology applying to industry, but about industry applying technology.

What areas are you especially interested in?

Augmented Reality (AR), Virtual Reality (VR), Manufacturing, and supply chain visibility. Then smart cities—we do a lot of research on smart cities in India. A lot of blockchain applied to smart contracts—we are working with multiple players. In the manufacturing area, it’s predictive maintenance–how do you look at use cases and conception projects. So there are many things we’re working on and want to understand, and know their industry trends.

Are you in an observing mode at this point, or do you have technologies that you want to showcase to IEEE groups?

We are bringing technologies in certain areas. We are doing water projects where, traditionally you have a pipeline or a facility where data is only used on the premises. What if you were to connect that data to the cloud? How easy would it be for them to forecast consumption? Can their chemicals usage be reduced? So, you’re applying the digital elements to a physical infrastructure.

We’re also looking at smart cities using a computer vision to manage traffic. We’re looking at energy optimization of solar plants—because with these, you can’t install analytics everywhere, you can’t devote that level of resources to these remote areas. So how do you take data from them and help them forecast generation? Can you manage this and introduce analytics to predict power generation on a particular day to a 15-minute granularity, with the weather forecast given?

Do you think there are challenges India faces, that people from other regions aren’t thinking about?

To some extent, yes. The entire concept of India is, how do we make things frugal? Cost is a very important parameter in this part of the world. That’s how you must look at technology as well. We need to find ways to improve efficiency, because we’re experiencing huge growth, but the growth has a cost attached to it.

The challenge in countries like the US and in Europe is that people are a costly resource. You apply technology because you want to cut the people cost. In India, labor is comparatively cheap — it’s a matter of what’s beyond the people cost. How do you improve production? How do you improve availability?

You've been involved with IEEE for two years now — how do you feel about that experience so far?

It’s been good to talk to people, understand what is happening, and see how IEEE is trying to adapt to this new arena. CAG gives industry a voice; the usual technical society approach takes a lot of time for people to come together, and it’s very effective, but in the rapidly evolving world of technology, we also need that voice.

It has been a great learning experience for me to see the amount of effort that professionals are putting into being part of IEEE.  The geographical diversity that IEEE has, especially in APAC regions like China and India, reflects the CAG’s diversity and strength in reaching global companies.

I hope to leverage my association with IEEE and continue this experience both on a corporate and individual level. 

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Technology is evolving and expanding at a profound rate, giving rise to new innovations with the potential to either fundamentally elevate or diminish humankind, depending on the narrative you’re listening to. The concept of humans pitted in competition against machines is deeply woven in today’s technology narrative…    

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Enabling Inclusion and Protection: Digital Inclusion Through Trust and Agency

Like the digital literacy initiative, the IEEE Industry Connections program called Digital Inclusion Through Trust and Agency “looks at how we give meaningful and affordable access to more than half of the world’s population who are unconnected,” says Maria Palombini, Director of Community and Initiative Development at IEEE SA.

The key is defining what it means to have meaningful access. “You don’t just go online once and it’s not automatic when you get online what to do. The solution should be designed to mean sustainable and affordable access to the internet,” she says. Part of it, then, is helping people get online the first time, effectively, which has far broader implications than just your ability to socialize online. “The need to be online is a financial, health, and human benefit.”

But the initiative is also looking at developing solutions that establish privacy and security of digital persona while enabling them to enjoy the benefits of the online community. “It’s developing a trust framework that enables the digital citizen to have personal agency, the right to be forgotten, and to protect their privacy and digital persona while restoring dignity to digital transactions amongst individuals and entities. The program also places a heavy focus on developing solutions that protect the most vulnerable—children, disabled, etc.”

A key issue is that, as Palombini says, “You don’t have to be online to have a digital identity”—we all leave digital traces. “The question is, how do we develop a trusted framework that allows me, the digital citizen, to manage those various pieces—my social identity, my financial identity, my health data—in a way that I can protect them, choose who I want to share them with in return for goods or services, and at the same time, once that relationship is over, I can be forgotten.”

Learn about Industry Connections Program: Digital Inclusion Through Trust and Agency (DITA)
Join webinar: Restoring Dignity to End-User Digital Tool Experience
Register to join webinar on 17 September 2018, 3:00-4:00 PM ET: Restoring Dignity to End-User Digital Tool Experience



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IEEE SA Supporting African Technology Communities to Help Them Grow Their Impact

“Africa has been an area of focus and engagement for IEEE for the last five years, and we’ve been actively building relationships at the IEEE SA level as well as at the broader IEEE corporate  level where the Ad Hoc Committee on Africa has been a strong catalyst,” says Moira Patterson, Global Affairs Program Director for IEEE SA. “IEEE has about 7000 members on the continent, which is still not a lot for a continent of that size.”

So IEEE is pursuing a number of avenues to increase technology and standards participation and awareness on the second most populous continent. One is working with national, regional, and pan-African organizations such as NEPAD, the implementing organization of the African Union for technology, the African Organisation for Standardisation (ARSO), and the Rwandan Standards Board (RSB). “We’re sharing best practices, holding webinars, and we’ve hosted staffs of such organizations for information exchange and awareness events,” says Patterson. Another focus of IEEE is to support the technology sector and policy makers to facilitate dialogue on how technology can help drive economic development and improve the quality of life. 

“Skills development is a major focus on the continent, and IEEE is working on a number of skills initiatives,” Patterson says. “This is where institutional relationships are important to scale and focus programs, and we also work closely with our local IEEE communities based on their needs and priorities.”

Patterson says IEEE has also worked to facilitate the adoption of IEEE standards in key areas such as energy and information and communications technology (ICT). “There’s a lot of interest in Africa in adopting existing energy standards, not just in traditional areas, but given the geography of Africa and the many areas without existing infrastructure, there’s a lot of interest in renewables and the smart grid.” ICT is another major area of interest — “ICT has enormous potential to bring innovation to many other sectors,” such as by facilitating mobile health clinics in rural areas.

Ultimately, the goal is, Patterson says, capacity-building— to support the standards and technology communities, indeed African innovators, in growing the capacity to participate in global technology development. “One of our strengths is supporting stakeholders locally—to gain skills and knowledge, to network, to grow— and to connect them globally” Patterson says. “As an example, we encourage African stakeholders to participate in standardization, as that is important for incorporating African requirements into global standards,” she says.

“Africa is the youngest continent in terms of population, and will soon have the largest labor force in the world, which provides a lot of opportunity for the continent” Patterson says. “Much of Africa has significant lack of infrastructure or quality challenges. But those are issues that align with IEEE’s mission of advancing technology for humanity, so we want to show how the technical profession and standardization can help address some of those challenges.”

View the IEEE Strategy for Africa, 2017-2019 Mid-Term Report


Where Cars Are Going: Ethernet & IP @ Automotive Technology Day

“Automotive Ethernet is very well established and offers great future potential. We’ve proven it works within a vehicle environment; now we need to direct what we do next,” says Syreeta Bath of Jaguar Land Rover. Collaborating with other companies to define what’s next in automotive Ethernet is the purpose behind the 2018 IEEE SA Ethernet & IP @ Automotive Technology Day, to be held in London, England in October.

“We need to work out whether we focus on more throughput or bring the cost down—the fact is, we need both of these things,” says Bath. “The conference gives OEMs a chance to share their future visions with suppliers and chipmakers. This is important for the chipmakers as they have a long lead time, so they need to know where the market will be in 5 or 10 years.”

This is the 8th annual Ethernet & IP @ Automotive Technology Day, and Bath is excited that Jaguar Land Rover has a chance to be a host company. “It’s the first time being in London, so it’s of huge importance to us,” she says. “The good thing about the conference is that it moves around, so many countries get the opportunity to participate.”

The conference is also different from many other industry conferences in that it is open to academic researchers as well. “We get the fresh eyes of academic researchers, and have the opportunity to build those relationships between universities and industry,” says Bath. “It allows us to become aligned with the universities as ultimately they will work on the technologies that we will use in the cars in 10 to 15 years’ time.”    

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