Working Group Details
PQ-1453_WG - Light Flicker Working Group
|Working Group Chair||
|IEEE Program Manager|
P1453 - Voltage Fluctuations\Flicker Standard for the Analysis of Fluctuating Power Installations on Power Systems
This standard provides background on system voltage fluctuations caused by fluctuations in power demands of variable loads and power outputs of variable generation sources. The manifestation of supply voltage fluctuations as lamp flicker or perceived changes in light output of lamps is presented. A flicker measurement method is presented using a meter that is completely described in IEC 61000-4-15. The short-term (Pst) and long-term (Plt) flicker indices used for the analysis of flicker data are defined. Flicker planning levels that utilities need their system to be limited to in order to avoid customer complaints are defined for various system voltage levels. The procedure for determining emission limits for individual facilities at the Point of Common Coupling (PCC) is defined so that the planning levels can be achieved in practice. Then, an assessment procedure for evaluating flicker compliance against emission limits is described. Methodologies to analyze background flicker to identify the flicker contribution of individual sources are also presented. Rapid voltage changes (RVCs) that are caused by switching of certain equipment and starting of large induction motors are also defined and the limits are defined for different voltage levels at PCC. The document provides ways to estimate RVCs or flicker levels at the Point of Common Coupling (PCC) depending on the type of the flicker source. This document includes example terms and language that can be the basis for defining relative responsibilities and assessment methods for customer installations that may cause flicker.
IEEE 1453-2004 - IEEE Recommended Practice for Measurement and Limits of Voltage Fluctuations and Associated Light Flicker on AC Power Systems
Adoption of IEC 61000-4-15. Voltage fluctuations on electric power systems sometimes give rise to noticeable illumination changes from lighting equipment. This phenomenon is often referred to as flicker, lamp flicker, and sometimes voltage flicker. This recommended practice provides specifications for measurement of this phenomenon and recommends acceptable levels for 120 V, 60 Hz and 230 V, 50 Hz AC electric power systems. It does not make any flicker emission specifications for certification of individual products manufactured for use on these systems.
IEEE 1453-2011 - IEEE Recommended Practice--Adoption of IEC 61000-4-15:2010, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)--Testing and measurement techniques--Flickermeter--Functional and design specifications
IEC 61000-4-15:2010 is adopted by this standard. IEC 61000-4-15:2010 gives a functional and design specification for flicker measuring apparatus intended to indicate the correct flicker perception level for all practical voltage fluctuation waveforms. Information is presented to enable such an instrument to be constructed. A method is given for the evaluation of flicker severity on the basis of the output of flickermeters complying with this standard. The object of IEC 61000-4-15:2010 is to provide basic information for the design and the instrumentation of an analogue or digital flicker measuring apparatus. It does not give tolerance limit values of flicker severity.
IEEE 1453-2015 - IEEE Recommended Practice for the Analysis of Fluctuating Installations on Power Systems
Background on light flicker caused by fluctuations in power demands of variable loads is presented in this recommended practice. A flicker measurement method is presented using a meter that is completely described in IEC 61000-4-15. The short-term (Pst) and long-term (Plt) flicker indices used for the analysis of flicker data are defined. Flicker limits for various voltage levels are presented. An assessment procedure for evaluating flicker compliance against emission limits is described. Methodologies to analyze background flicker to identify the flicker contribution of single loads are also presented.