Corporate Standards Focus

PARS APPROVED SEPTEMBER 2017

  • IEEE P2777 (BOG/CAG) Standard for Operation of Coal-Fired 300--600 MW Grade Boilers
  • IEEE P2779 (BOG/CAG) Guide for Assessment of Geological Stability of Transmission Corridors
  • IEEE P2780 (BOG/CAG) Standard for Insulation Piercing Connectors
  • IEEE P802.1ABcu (C/LM) Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks - Station and Media Access Control Connectivity Discovery Amendment: YANG Data Model
  • IEEE P802.1AC-2016/Cor 1 (C/LM) Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks -- Media Access Control (MAC) Service Definition - Corrigendum 1: Logical Link Control (LLC) Encapsulation EtherType
  • IEEE P802.1ACct (C/LM) Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks -- Media Access Control (MAC) Service Definition Amendment Support for IEEE Std 802.15.3
  • IEEE P802.1Qcw (C/LM) Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks--Bridges and Bridged Networks Amendment: YANG Data Models for Scheduled Traffic, Frame Preemption, and Per-Stream Filtering and Policing
  • IEEE P802.1Qcx (C/LM) Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks--Bridges and Bridged Networks Amendment: YANG Data Model for Connectivity Fault Management
  • IEEE P3333.1.3 (C/SAB)
 Standard for the Deep Learning-Based Assessment of Visual Experience Based on Human Factors
  • IEEE P1934 (COM/SDB) OpenFog Reference Architecture for Fog Computing
  • IEEE P2784 (COM/SDB) Guide for the Technology and Process Framework for Planning a Smart City

NEW STANDARDS APPROVED SEPTEMBER 2017

  • IEEE 529-1980/Cor 1 (AES/GA) IEEE Draft Standard Supplement for Strapdown Applications to IEEE Standard Specification Format Guide and Test Procedure for Single-Degree-of-Freedom Rate-Integrating Gyros - Corrigendum 1: 3.3.9.2.2, 3.6.4.1.1, 3.6.4.1.2, 6.3, and 10.10.4.1
  • IEEE 802.15.3d (C/LM) IEEE Draft Standard for Information Technology- Local and Metropolitan Area Networks - Specific Requirements - Part 15.3: Wireless Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications for High Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPAN) Amendment for a 100 Gb/s Wireless Switched Point-to-Point Physical Layer
  • IEEE 802.19.1a (C/LM) IEEE Draft Standard for Information Technology - Telecommunications and Information Exchange Between Systems - Local and Metropolitan Area Networks - Specific Requirements - Part 19: TV White Space Coexistence Methods Amendment: Coexistence Methods for Geo-Location Capable Devices Operating Under General Authorization
  • IEEE 844.1 (IAS/PCI) IEEE Draft Standard for Skin Effect Trace Heating of Pipelines, Vessels, Equipment, and Structures - General, Testing, Marking, and Documentation Requirements
  • IEEE C37.246 (PE/PSRCC) IEEE Draft Guide for Protection Systems of Transmission to Generation Interconnections
  • IEEE 1818 (PE/SUB) IEEE Draft Guide for the Design of Low Voltage Auxiliary Systems for Electric Power Substations
  • IEEE 1871.2 (SASB/SCC20) IEEE Draft Recommended Practice for IEEE 1671 Test Equipment Templates and Extension Classes for Describing Intrinsic Signal Path Information for Cables, Interface Adaptors and Test Equipment
  • IEEE 62704-3 (SASB/SCC39) Determining the Peak Spatial-Average Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) in the Human Body from Wireless Communications Devices, 30 MHz - 6 GHz Part 3: Specific Requirements for Using the Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) Method for SAR Calculations of Mobile Phones
  • IEEE 802.1CB (C/LM) IEEE Draft Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks - Frame Replication and Elimination for Reliability
  • IEEE 802.16s (C/LM) IEEE Draft Standard for Air Interface for Broadband Wireless Access Systems - Draft Amendment 1 to IEEE Std 802.16-9 20xx: Fixed and Mobile Wireless Access in Channel Bandwidth up to 1.25 MHz
  • IEEE 1012-2016/Cor 1 (C/S2ESC) IEEE Draft Standard for System, Software and Hardware Verification and Validation - Corrigendum 1
  • IEEE 844.2 (IAS/PCI) IEEE Draft Standard for Skin Effect Trace Heating of Pipelines, Vessels, Equipment, and Structures - Application Guide for Design, Installation, Testing, Commissioning, and Maintenance
  • IEEE C62.92.6 (PE/SPDHV) IEEE Draft Guide for the Application of Neutral Grounding in Electrical Utility Systems, Part VI - Systems Supplied by Current-Regulated Sources
  • IEEE 1856 (RS/SC) IEEE Draft Standard Framework for Prognostics and Health Management of Electronic Systems
  • IEEE 62704-1 (SASB/SCC39) IEC/IEEE Draft International Standard for Determining the Peak Spatial Average Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) in the Human Body from Wireless Communications Devices, 30 MHz - 6 GHz. Part 1: General Requirements for Using the Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) Method for SAR Calculations

NEW INDUSTRY CONNECTIONS ACTIVITIES

See a complete list of Standards Board activities from September

Feature

Blockchain Builds Momentum at IEEE-SA With Pharmaceutical, Agricultural  Initiatives

Blockchain is the technology that underlies virtual currencies such as Bitcoin, allowing for verification of the virtual currency, while still protecting the security of information behind that verification. But its possibilities go beyond virtual currencies, with applicability to many areas of commerce—and life—where security and privacy are both concerns.

IEEE-SA Industry Connections (IC) is exploring many possible applications for blockchain, and one of them is the pharmaceutical industry. IEEE’s Maria Palombini says, “The supply chain in pharmaceuticals is based on legacy systems with gaping holes in security, putting patient data at risk; the supply chain is fragmented, systems don’t communicate with each other even within the same company. And especially with the internet, there can be no way to verify the source of drugs online, raising the issue of counterfeit drugs.”

Blockchain has the potential to bring security to this system while maintaining the privacy of patients and all the other players along the supply chain. “It allows you to verify trusted partners, all working on the original source record at once. At the same time, you don’t have to give everyone else access to your data,” says Palombini. “If every step is a trusted partner, you don’t have to see everything to know that it’s verified.” Conversely, blockchain protects against hacking those records. “I don’t call anything hack-proof,” Palombini says, “but with blockchain, the moment somebody alters that record, the record replicates at every level and the hack is recognized instantly. You’re not going to have the situation where a hack happens and it’s five months before you realize it.”

Beyond this kind of elemental security, blockchain has the potential to change how other beneficial parts of the industry work, such as patient trials and drug research. “Getting patients for trials is hard, and it leaves out large parts of the population—older people are especially difficult to recruit,” says Palombini. “The records are often kept on paper, people change jobs and then you don’t know how well the records were kept.” Blockchain offers a way for anonymized information to be collected much more immediately and accurately, while protecting the privacy of patients.

As the IEEE Blockchain initiative was approaching the point of transitioning to the standards process, members of the IC activity realized that the same approach of verification along a supply chain could be applied to other areas, such as the food chain. Palombini sees two robust applications in agriculture. “One is consumer safety. As consumers take more interest in local and organic food, concerns about labor exploitation in seafood production, etc., blockchain or other distributed ledger technologies (DLTs) have the ability to verify the source of the food from its origin through to the consumer's table, connecting the consumer to farms in a new way. Beyond verifying the source of the food, blockchain can also offset unfair pricing systems, helping in compliance with regulatory practices and enhance better environmental practice.”

Another area that would benefit from this approach is what’s sometimes called Smart Farming—farms that utilize sensor technologies for more sustainable farming practices (i.e., efficient water irrigation) and uses, effective analysis of soil richness. Blockchain offers a way to efficiently distribute data in real time, both for better management of the farm and to aid research in better practices.

To help you stay informed on issues relating to blockchain, IEEE has launched a blockchain podcast with leaders working in various areas related to blockchain.

Watch episodes at Beyond Standards.

Articles of Interest

Planning For a Digital Labor Force With Intelligent Process Automation

Task automation for customer service. Robots that work in the real world—or exist only in a virtual one. Intelligent Process Automation is the practical science that underlies making any form of digital labor behave in a way that is useful to humans. IEEE-SA's Corporate Advisory Group sponsored the Intelligent Process Automation project because frankly, it affects so many different societies that it was hard to find a single home for it,” says Lee Coulter, CEO of shared services for the Ascension hospital group and chair of the Intelligent Process Automation (IPA) Working Group.

How big a field is IPA expected to be? Coulter says estimates of the number of knowledge worker jobs that could be affected by 2020 range from 25 to 189 million. “If a person can sit at a computer and do it, software can do it,” he says. However, it’s not so simple as saying computers will take over jobs. “Deductive analytics is still a long way away,” he says. Computers and robots won’t be doing jobs that require deep analysis and creative thinking. Yet.

But he says that anywhere a process advances along well-defined lines, with a prescribed series of responses—think “Would you like a replacement, a different product, or a refund?”—IPA offers the potential to automate that process. Beyond that, it also has the potential to offer a different product than humans do because it accomplishes many smaller tasks cost-effectively.

“It’s not an IT product per se,” Coulter says. Instead, it’s a new world built on total information access. “It’s doing things no human would do. We’re putting in the hands of business the ability to pursue thousands of use cases not normally pursued by IT. Ninety-nine percent of the time, companies are not using it to displace people—they’re using it to be able to have better analytics, greater control, lower the cost per unit and improve speed and accuracy.”

“A few years ago this entire field was considered vaporware and hype. Now one-third of the Fortune 500 is using it,” Coulter says.

Bringing IPA into the standards realm has begun with creating working groups for an overarching standard, IEEE P2755, and a supporting standard devoted to defining concepts, common terms and a taxonomy for the field. “A lot of the need for standards comes out of frustration with marketing terms being used in the field,” says Coulter. The goal of bringing IPA into the standards process is to reduce the hype and “clearly define things, say what they are, and define a spectrum of performance for them.”

Ultimately, Coulter says the goal is to “define recommended practices for implementation and management models, ensure interoperability and develop the meta languages” for the field. At the same time, “all of these concerns overlap with looking at the field from a point of view of ethical use. Digital labor is approaching the size of human labor, and that means its presence will impact society. We need to think about digital labor like we think about a human labor force, in terms of its ethical impact.”

Learn more about IEEE P2755 or purchase

Making the Virtual Reality/Augmented Reality Future Happen

“VR/AR is going to be a constructive force for industry. Many industries will use it, and be fundamentally changed by it,” says Yu Yuan, chair of the IEEE Digital Senses initiative. “We’ve already seen changes in gaming and in media, but it’s also being used widely in healthcare, and in education. If mobile internet was the last wave of the industrial revolution, then I believe VR/AR is the next wave.”

IEEE is working to bring virtual and augmented reality into the standards process through the IEEE P2048™ family of standards. With a dozen standards already in the working group phase, IEEE’s effort is, Yuan says, “the largest VR/AR group in terms of participants,” with more than 200 companies and institutions worldwide, covering the full spectrum of technologies from video and audio to touch.

The current working groups cover a wide range, from fundamental building blocks—a taxonomy for the field, file formats and quality metrics—to issues of personal identity and environmental safety in a virtual space. One key issue will be the interoperability of real and digitally-created worlds, as we spend more and more time not only in one or the other, but moving between them as we lead our lives.

The ultimate goal, Yuan says, is what he calls “the ultimate VR experience”—one that consists of virtual senses indistinguishable from real ones, being utilized in a self-consistent virtual world, seamlessly integrated with the real world. “I see it everywhere in human life, and so real that a person can lead a virtual life almost all the time, if they want,” he says.

Learn more about the VR/AR IEEE P2048 standards being developed

IEEE Offers New Products To Help You Work With Standards

Getting involved with the standards process is a commitment—a commitment that many companies find vital to their futures, taking on the business of helping direct their industries for the benefit of themselves, their customers and the development of technology.

But it may not be a commitment you’re ready to make just yet. To help you stay informed on where the standards process is going, IEEE offers a new service for industry in which we monitor your area of interest for you, helping you to stay on top of developments which could impact you.

Then say you decide it’s time to participate in the standards process. How do you know where to begin? Our Landscape Mapping service offers you a unique document explaining how things work in your specific area—not just the basic outline of groups and procedures, but expert information on how to work effectively with the existing structures of these groups and their participants.

To learn more about these services, contact us.

Emerging Tech to Watch @ IEEE-SA

IEEE-SA Director of Standards and Technology Sri Chandrasekaran is someone to turn to for insight into emerging technology around the globe. We asked him about three areas he thinks are especially interesting right now.

  • Smart Cities. Chandra and IEEE’s Bill Ash co-authored an article called What the “Smart” in Smart Cities is All About last last year, which stated, “Smart Cities provides an opportunity to exploit the data that will be obtained from many sources, such as sensors, cameras, and other devices through open, flexible platforms, that can be utilized within a city’s infrastructure.” 

    For an example of where the field is going, he points to standards work growing out of an open data project in Capetown, South Africa that led to an air pollution monitoring app. Chandra says this kind of citizen activity with data will require: “Facilitating uniform data so it can develop according to a common interface. When you put data out there, people will do something interesting with it.”

  • With its mix of dense cities and sparsely populated rural areas, India is a test case for how to bring broadband connectivity infrastructure to a large population and diverse rising economy with the advent of the new 5G standard. This is why Chandra considers it important to watch as a test case. At the Mobile World Congress in Shanghai in June, Chandra outlined what he called “Frugal 5G” outlining a vision for connecting billions via 5G while reviewing the role to be played by innovations in spectrum management. 
    Learn more about IEEE’s efforts in this area at 5g.ieee.org

  • Your next computer may not be on a desk—it will be on you. Wearable technology of all kinds is a fast-growing area and a big part of it will be wearable medical devices, monitoring your condition and sharing the information with your healthcare providers. 
    Check out some of the standards related to Wearables.

Collabratec™ Gives Corporate Members New Tools To Interact and Collaborate

Imagine being able to network and collaborate with other IEEE members working in similar fields of interest. Now that’s exactly what you can do through IEEE Collabratec,  an integrated online community of global technology researchers, authors, IEEE members, and other professionals.

All within one central online hub, you can network, collaborate and co-author with other technology professionals, from virtually anywhere. Join communities based on mutual interests, and tap into your community’s expertise by asking questions and providing answers or comments.

Content planned for this private group will include information on the status of and participating in new entity projects, discussions on future direction and benefits of membership, Corporate Advisory Group announcements and other information, and links to IEEE publications such as Corporate StandardsFocus newsletters and webinars.

Learn more about IEEE Collabratec at ieeecollabratec.org.

Industry Connections Driving Initiatives on Blockchain, Big Data and More

It feels like a time when a lot of new technologies are just coming into view, and IEEE-SA Industry Connections (IC) is helping drive the exploration of these technologies, says IEEE’s Rudi Schubert. “We’re up to about 25 initiatives now, 12 or 13 of which have been created recently,” says Schubert. For many of them, like Blockchain (discussed elsewhere in this issue), the contours of where the new technology will lead us aren't clear yet, so the work being done through IC will have a major impact on shaping how the technology is brought into the marketplace.

One area Schubert sees as being particularly impactful is Big Data. The Big Data Governance and Metadata Management initiative recognizes that Big Data affects so many other initiatives—from Smart Cities to the Internet of Things—and has important security and privacy ramifications. “The issue is that data sets don’t have the same formats; they're not interoperable,” says Schubert. The goal of this initiative is to enable data integration/mashup among heterogeneous datasets, and to make data discoverable, accessible, and usable through a standard data infrastructure. 

Another area Schubert considers especially promising is communications via existing power line carrier infrastructure. In areas where the cost of building communications infrastructure is high, or where more wiring will only add to urban clutter, running communications over existing power system wiring can be a very cost-effective solution.

India meets both of these circumstances—it has both dense urban and remote rural areas—and the Power Line Communication (PLC) in India activity will help to advance PLC in India. The current goal is to develop test beds to provide an ecosystem for stakeholders, both established industries to enterprise startups, that can use the test beds to develop solutions that have PLC as the core technology. Schubert points to one future use for a successful PLC solution. “Cities are installing video cameras, which means new wires on almost every block. If you can instead connect them via the existing power line grid, that’s a lot of infrastructure cost saved.”

Learn more about IEEE’s Industry Connections activities.

 

YOUR OPINION MATTERS

Bringing a Global Industry Perspective to Standards Development

It’s well understood that standardization efforts–from identifying standards needs to building consensus on standards projects through to a standard being published—are closely aligned with companies vested in advancing technology to bring new products and services to market in their respective areas of interest and expertise. 
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IEEE P2413™ Engaging Startups in Advancing IoT Technologies

Standard project helping establish a reference architecture for IoT gaining ground

The IEEE is actively engaging with startup companies exploring emerging IoT technologies and encouraging their participation in the development of IEEE P2413™—Standard for an Architectural Framework for the Internet of Things (IoT). Beyond Standards recently caught up with one IoT Analytics startup company to get its views on IEEE P2413 and how it relates to new products and solutions in the IoT ecosystem.  
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  • IEEE P2721 (EMB/Stds Com) Standard for Wireless Health Device Security Assurance
  • IEEE P2778 (PE/ED&PG) Guide for Solar Power Plant Grounding for Personnel Protection
  • IEEE P2465 (PE/EM) Recommended Practice for Pulse-Type Partial Discharge Measurements on Individual Stator Coils and Bars
  • IEEE P2685 (PE/ESSB) Recommended Practice for Energy Storage for Stationary Engine-Starting Systems
  • IEEE PC37.120 (PE/PSRCC) Protection System Redundancy for Power System Reliability
  • IEEE P2656 (PE/SUB) Guide for Functional Specification of Voltage-Sourced Converter for HVDC Stations
  • IEEE PC37.68 (PE/SWG) Standard Design, Test, and Application Requirements for Microprocessor-Based Controls of Distribution Padmount, Dry Vault, Wet Vault, and Polemount Switchgear Rated Above 1 kV and Up to and Including 38 kV
  • IEEE P1048a (PE/T&D) Guide for Protective Grounding of Power Lines Amendment to Guide for Protective Grounding of Power Lines
  • IEEE P1218 (PE/T&D) Trial-Use Guide for Maintenance of Wood Transmission and Distribution Line Structures
  • IEEE P2655 (PE/T&D) Atmospheric Inspection & Assessment
  • IEEE P947 (SASB/SCC14) Guide for Identification of Alternative Metric Devices for Valves, Fittings, Threads, Flanges
  • IEEE P2657 (VT/RTSC) Guide on Energy Feedback Systems for DC Traction Power Supply System