IEEE Standards Interpretations for IEEE Std 1003.1c™-1995 IEEE Standard for Information Technology--Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX(R)) - System Application Program Interface (API) Amendment 2: Threads Extension (C Language)
Copyright © 1996 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. 345 East 47th Street New York, New York 10017 USA All Rights Reserved.
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Interpretation Request #19
Topic:sched_setparam Relevant Clauses: 18.104.22.168, page 114 D10, lines 30-36 Clause 22.214.171.124, page 114 D10, lines 42-48
According to the new rules for scheduling, the sched_setparam() and sched_setscheduler() are not useless in the presence of multithreaded applications. The only effect these functions have is on the child process [from fork()] of the target process. An implementation may cause something to happen to the process scope threads, but that's all. This provides a huge hole for system administrators. These functions have a process parameter. This means they were intended so that a process could control the policy and priority of another process.
If that wasn't the case, there wouldn't have been a pid as a parameter. Up until now a system administrator could control a process if it was getting too much or too little time on the system. Runaway processes with high priority could be handled. With the new behavior, there is no way a sysadmin (or any process) can control the behavior of a multithreaded process. If some event happens requiring a change in the policy/priority of the MT process, only the process itself can do it. The worst part is that if one thread in the process goes out of control while a high priority SCHED_FIFO, no one can control it. A sysadmin cannot do anything to lower that thread's priority (thread IDs are not guaranteed to be known outside of the system). Is this the actual intended behavior?
This is a duplicate. See Interpretation #3, part 7.
Rationale for Interpretation