The IEEE 1902.1 standard defines the air interface for radiating transceiver radio tags using long wavelength signals (kilometric and hectometric frequencies, <450Khz). Conforming devices can have very low power consumption (a few microwatts on average), while operating over medium ranges (0.5 to 30 meters) and at low data transfer speeds (300-9600 bits per second). They are well suited for visibility networks, sensors, effectors and battery operated displays. This standard fills a gap between non-network-based RF-ID standards (e.g., ISO/IEC CD 15961-3, ISO 18000-6C or 7) and existing high bandwidth network standards such as IEEE ™ and IEEE 802.15.4™. IEEE 1902.1 compliant devices: - are unaffected by water and steel can enhance signal - have high noise immunity and can work in harsh environments such as near welders - can run 5-10 years powered by a lithium coin cell - have been categorized by the FDA as non-significant risk for use in US hospital operating rooms - have very limited eavesdropping risk and are approved for use in Department of Energy highest security areas - can optionally have sensors (temperature, pressure, shock)
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